People with low vision impairment often find that it is difficulty to perform basic household activities of daily living. Following are some suggestions:
FOR THE KITCHEN
- When pouring dark liquids (such as coffee) from a container into a cup, pour the dark liquid into a light-colored cup. Light colored cups should be placed on a dark colored placement or tray.
- When pouring light colored liquids (such as milk) from a container into a cup, pour the light colored liquid into a dark colored cup. Dark colored cups should be placed on a light colored placement or tray.
- Use a dark cutting board for light colored foods, and a light colored cutting board for dark food.
- Use brightly contrasting colored paint or tape on the handles of kitchen equipment and utensils.
- Stove and oven dials should be marked with bright, contrasting tape. Mark the oven dial at the temperature most frequently used, or use several contrasting colors for different temperatures.
- Tape over the knobs for the back burners of your stove so that they cannot be turned on. This will prevent accidents from occurring due to reaching over a flame or due to touching a heated burner in front.
- It can be easier to learn to cook by time, rather than trying to visually check some of the items you are cooking
- Write recipes on 5” x 8” index cards in large print with a black felt tip pen. Color code the cards. For example, one color for meat dishes, another for poultry, a third for desserts.
TIPS FOR EATING
- When setting the table, if you use light dishes, put them on a dark tablecloth or placemat. Likewise, dark dishes need a light contrasting tablecloth or placemat. To reduce visual confusion, avoid tablecloths or placemats with a pattern.
- Proper lighting will make it easier for you to see the food on your plate. Place a table lamp with a bright light bulb (at least 75W) in position to illuminate your plate. Be sure of the wattage your lamp can handle.
- When doing needlepoint, hook rugs, etc.; place a dark cloth below the canvas.
- When sorting two yarns or threads with slight differences in color, compare each strand to a “bunch” of that color.
- You must use bright light, shining directly on your work when reading or sewing. Use a desk lamp, not a floor lamp.
MORE HELPFUL HINTS
- In the bathroom use magnifying mirrors to help with shaving and makeup. A towel on the wall opposite the bathroom mirror, hung at the appropriate height, can be used to provide a contrasting background for the image of your head and hair. If you have light hair use a dark towel, for dark hair, use a light towel.
- When choosing a shower curtain, a clear plastic one (with a design if one chooses) allows more light to be transmitted into the shower than solid colors.
- Use brightly colored vinyl or cloth tape to provide color contrast to help locate such household items as the thermostat, electrical outlets, light switches, drawstrings on draperies etc.
- For stairs inside and outside of your home, mark the edge and the riser of the steps with contrasting colors.
- When viewing television, sit as close to the screen as needed for you to see the images. Patients who are visually impaired will not hurt their eyes by sitting close to the television.